Thanks to the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and Space Telescope Science Institute for supporting this video.
This video is about the astronomical amount of astronomical evidence for black holes, ranging from x-ray binaries with accretion disks, supermassive infrared-radiating galactic nuclei black holes, orbital characteristics of high mass binaries, and direct gravitational wave detection of inspiraling merging black hole binaries with LIGO. Yes, they’re real.
Interactive: Masses in the Stellar Graveyard https://ligo.northwestern.edu/media/mass-plot/index.html
Galactic Center Orbital Models and Inner Stellar Distributions
Data provided by Andrea Ghez and Sylvana Yelda, UCLA (obtained with the Keck Telescopes)
Visualization by Stuart Levy and Robert Patterson, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Masses of observed black Holes:
Downloadable LIGO Data: https://losc.ligo.org/events/GW170817/
LIGO Neutron Star Binary Merger: http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/10/ligo-detects-a-neutron-star-merger
Masses of observed neutron stars: https://stellarcollapse.org/nsmasses
Cygnus X-1 X-ray binary Black Hole: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cygnus_X-1#Star_system
Lecture notes on black holes: http://eagle.phys.utk.edu/guidry/astro616/lectures/lecture_ch18.pdf
Calvera isolated neutron star X-ray source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvera_(X-ray_source)
Scientific American: pulsar that behaves like a black hole
Largest known neutron star: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PSR_J0348%2B0432
Large Neutron Star: https://arxiv.org/abs/0712.0024
Sagittarius A* Black Hole Infrared emissions: https://arxiv.org/pdf/0911.4659.pdf
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Created by Henry Reich