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How Rubber Gave Us Sports

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Sports balls of all varieties whether it be soccer, or hockey, or tennis, owe their resilience and reliability to an unusual polymer, one whose derivatives and spinoffs are everywhere you look, from cars to shoes to rocket fuel. Learn about rubber, the all-star’s best friend just in time for NFL football to kick off!

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Producer:
Elaine Seward

Writer:
Alexa Billow

Executive Producer:
Adam Dylewski

Scientific consultants:
Nilesh Shah, Ph.D.
Darcy Gentleman, Ph.D.
Kyle Nackers

Music:
Robert Dagilo – Mr. Fantastic
Sam Leopard – Cool Ivy
Sam Leopard – The Gold Melody

Sources:
1: http://gizmodo.com/were-footballs-ever-really-made-of-pigskin-1513061556

2: https://books.google.com/books?id=ARFEAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=polysulfide+rocket+fuel&source=bl&ots=g0yTWrxwfK&sig=mqy9lxSIeQ8Q7AOBTdEruhkHV0k&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi63fvctJjVAhWCZj4KHaJeDggQ6AEIQjAF#v=onepage&q=polysulfide%20rocket%20fuel&f=false

3: https://www.britannica.com/science/rubber-chemical-compound
here’s an ACS pubs ref citing that plant as a source, if we want something peer reviewed http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ma1004869

4: http://latexallergyresources.org/cross-reactive-food

5: https://www.britannica.com/technology/vulcanization

6: http://indianapublicmedia.org/amomentofscience/superballs/

7: https://connecticuthistory.org/charles-goodyear-and-the-vulcanization-of-rubber/
another Goodyear biography (written in 1939) http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ie50358a003

8: http://nvaughn.weebly.com/vulcanized-rubber.html

9: http://www.andersondevelopment.com/pdf/urethane-101.pdf
Thiokol as rocket fuel http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/cen-v035n043.p024

10: http://www.bbc.com/sport/american-football/30960969

11: http://www.iisrp.com/webpolymers/01finalpolybutadienever2.pdf

12: http://www.espn.com/nba/playoffs/2015/story/_/id/13030284/nba-playoffs-game-ball-road-nba-finals

13: https://pubs.acs.org/cen/whatstuff/stuff/7713scit3.html

14: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/a-brief-history-of-the-baseball-3685086/

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