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What Exactly Is El Niño?

Have you ever wondered what El Niño is? Trace was curious and decided to do some digging to figure out what exactly it is.

Read More:
How El Nino will change the world’s weather in 2014
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jun/11/-sp-el-nino-weather-2014
“The global El Niño weather phenomenon, whose impacts cause global famines, floods – and even wars – now has a 90% chance of striking this year, according to the latest forecast released to the Guardian.”

What Is El Nino?
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/ElNino/
“Fishermen who ply the waters of the Pacific off the coast of Peru and Ecuador have known for centuries about the El Niño.”

El Nino – and What is the Southern Oscillation Anyway?!
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/archive/nino/intro.html
“El Nino, an abnormal warming of surface ocean waters in the eastern tropical Pacific, is one part of what’s called the Southern Oscillation.”

La Nina
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/glossary/lanina.shtml
“La Niña refers to the extensive cooling of the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, often accompanied by warmer than normal sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the western Pacific, and to the north of Australia.”

What is La Nina?
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/la-nina-story.html
“La Niña is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific, compared to El Niño, which is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific.”

Impacts of El Nino Southern Oscillation on the global yields of major crops
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140515/ncomms4712/full/ncomms4712.html
“The monitoring and prediction of climate-induced variations in crop yields, production and export prices in major food-producing regions have become important to enable national governments in import-dependent countries to ensure supplies of affordable food for consumers.”

What is El Nino and how does it relate to the unusual situation in the tropical Pacific?
http://faculty.washington.edu/kessler/occasionally-asked-questions.html#q2
“El Niño is an intermittent disruption of the climate system centered in the equatorial Pacific that has effects on short-term climate around the Pacific basin.”

Watch More:
Typhoon vs. Hurricane
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJGka8024E0

How Storms Get Named
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXGFeoNZS-0

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